Another wave of extreme heat points to Europe, causing alerts

Another wave of extreme heat points to Europe, causing alerts
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Just three weeks have passed since a historic wave of extreme temperatures swept across Western Europe, breaking all-time records in Britain. Now a new heat wave is building up on the continent, with alerts issued and more records in jeopardy.

By Thursday, much of France and southern England are expected to experience high temperatures 18 to 27 degrees (10 to 15 degrees Celsius) above normal, with highs in the 90s (over 32 degrees Celsius) in instead of 70 (more than 21 degrees Celsius) .

The UK Met Office has issued amber warnings, the second highest level, in southern England.

In mid-July, the Met Office issued its first red warning for “extreme” heat, with more than 40 weather stations breaking Britain’s previous record of 101.7 degrees (38.7 Celsius). Several seasons even rose to 104 degrees (40 Celsius), a feat made 10 times more likely due to human-caused climate change.

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A large part of western and north-western Europe will be affected by the next heat wave, with the risk of wildfires accompanying rising temperatures. Follow Europe 6th warmest July on record.

Driving the heat is a ridge of high pressure, colloquially known as a heat dome, which will be stationed directly over Britain from Tuesday night into Wednesday. In addition to bringing in hot, sunken air, it will deflect inclement weather, creating non-stop sunshine.

In Britain, temperatures are expected to peak from Friday to Saturday before tapering off next week. Highs will generally range from 85 to 95 degrees (29 to 35 Celsius), although some places can get closer to 96 or 97 (35.5 to 36 Celsius). It is unlikely that it will reach the century mark somewhere.

Health officials issued a level 3 of 4 heat wave action alert, urging residents to “take care of others, especially the elderly, young children and infants and those with underlying health conditions.” “. Officials also recommended that the public limit alcohol consumption.

The Met Office forecasts that London will see highs in the upper 80s to near 90 (30 to 32 degrees Celsius) from Thursday to Sunday. Rainy weather will arrive to kick off the work week. The average early August high temperature in London is closer to the lower 70s (low 20s Celsius).

Met Éireann, the Irish equivalent of the US National Weather Service, has also issued a weather advisory for the country, warning of “heat stress, especially for the most vulnerable of the population”, as well as a high UV index. It is worth noting that Relatively few residents have air conditioning installed in their homes.

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Eighteen French departments are also under an orange heat alert, and Météo France it is asking for temperatures in parts of the southwestern part of the country reaching 97 to 102 degrees (36 to 39 Celsius), with an isolated reading of 104 degrees (40 Celsius) not unlikely.

Paris is forecast to hit 93 on Wednesday, 92 on Thursday and 94 on Friday.

In Spain, which had It is the hottest month of July on record.a orange heat alert it is in effect just south of Madrid, where the maximum temperature could approach 104 degrees, with many other areas under yellow alert. But the core of the heat dome should remain farther north than western Europe.

The heat is compounded by the severe drought that is hitting many parts of Western Europe.

According to climate historian Maximiliano Herrera, there was record drought in parts of England, including London. He tweeted that the city had “virtually no rain” during the month of July, with less than a millimeter recorded. July typically sees about 1.8 inches (45 millimeters) of precipitation, with an average of 8 rainy days during the month.

the weather office reported 13 counties in the south and east of England they recorded the driest July on record.

There is concern that the hot, dry atmosphere, combined with previous dry conditions, could increase the risk of wildfires. The Cornwall Fire and Rescue Service wrote that the risk of fire “is now very high or exceptional” and that firefighters were particularly busy over the past weekend. They urged people involved in outdoor recreation to avoid campfires and bonfires.

France is also enduring an exceptional drought, one of the worst on record, according to Météo France. Rain was the lowest in the country observed in July and 85 percent below normal.

Nearly 40,000 residents in France were forced to evacuate from wildfires during the third week of July, with similar fires in Spain and Greece.

Very dry conditions are again creating a very high fire danger, especially in the south of France.

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While the core of the heat will be located over southern Britain and France from Thursday through Sunday, above-average temperatures will also rise from the Netherlands to southern Scandinavia. The heat will withdraw from Western Europe early next week and move towards Eastern Europe.

It is well established that human-caused climate change is amplifying the severity, duration, and frequency of extreme heat events. In addition to the ultra-rare heat that hit Britain last month, an event of a similar magnitude brought record temperatures. including a high of 109 degrees in Paris, at the end of July 2019.

Jason Samenow contributed to this report.

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